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Fungi-ridden nails become thicker than normal nails and become very brittle. The discoloration can range from brown, black, yellow or green. Common knowledge states that the fungus settles primarily in the nail plates. According to medical science, fungus actually settles in the layers of the nail plate and the nail bed.
The infection sets in when the feet are infected from dirty shoes or dirty surroundings. Heat and sweat are central components for the growth of toenail fungi. Unfortunately, toenail fungi do not go away on its own. In fact if we “let it be”, the fungi will spread to other nails, or the other foot.
Dr. Jane Andersen a podiatrist from Chapel Hill in North Carolina states that "Discolored nails aren't always from fungus. They could also be from trauma due to exercise or psoriasis, so we take a fungal culture to make a diagnosis."
So before you run to your podiatrist for a prescription, ascertain first if the yellowing is really due to toenail fungus. Yellowing of the nails may be due to jaundice, a common symptom of many liver ailments including Hepatitis A and B.
One of the more commonly prescribed medications for toenail fungi is Penlac or Ciclopirox. This prescription drug is being produced by Dermik Laboratories. Penlac is a topical antifungal drug that is applied daily to the affected parts of the feet. Daily application is required. The period required for complete remission is several months. Penlac may only be used for mild to moderate toenail fungus.
The side effects of the topical drug Penlac may include the following:
• Skin irritation
Some doctors prescribe oral medications to treat toenail fungus. One of the more popular choices is Lamisil or Terbinafine, produced by Novartis Pharmaceuticals. Another oral antifungal drug is Sporanox or Itraconazole. Sporanox is being produced by Jansenn Pharmaceuticals.
How do these oral medications work? Well basically, they travel through the human body’s circulatory system to regularly attack the fungal infection. People who wish to treat their fungal infections using Sporanox or Lamisil must take the recommended dosage for 12 weeks. Around 9 months is required for normal, healthy nails to grow back. But the fungal infection would have been culled by then.
Among the most common side effects of oral antifungal medicine are the following:
• Sever stomachaches
The consuming public is asked by the Food and Drug Authority to report any of the following symptoms:
• Persistent dizziness or nausea
• Abdominal pain in the upper right region (liver area)
• Jaundice or yellowing of the skin or the eyes
• Dark urine color or any changes in the color of the urine
• Pale stool color
People who have had trouble with their liver and have heart conditions are not encouraged to use Sporanox and Lamisil.
Many drugs or prescription nail fungus treatments, such as Lamisil, are very expensive and can cause liver and kidney damage in some patients. There are also over-the-counter and non-prescription treatments that you can use to eliminate your nail fungus symptoms. Effective OTC formula heals the fungal infection from the outside and penetrates the nails to work internally as well, they are usually safe, cheap, and easy to use. For better results, experts always recommend the products with natural ingredients, for example PediFix Tea Tree Ultimates - Funga Soap.
Toenail Fungus and Prescription Drugs